How to build 1KHz Sinewave Generator

November 25, 2010 - category: Miscellaneous oscillator

Simple circuitry, low distortion, battery operated

Variable, low impedance output up to 1V RMS

Circuit diagram

1KHz Sinewave Generator-Circuit diagram


  • R1 5K6 1/4W Resistor
  • R2 1K8 1/4W Resistor
  • R3,R4 15K 1/4W Resistors
  • R5 500R 1/2W Trimmer Cermet
  • R6 330R 1/4W Resistor
  • R7 470R Linear Potentiometer
  • C1,C2 10nF 63V Polyester Capacitors
  • C3 100µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
  • C4 470nF 63V Polyester Capacitor
  • Q1,Q2 BC238 25V 100mA NPN Transistors
  • LP1 12V 40mA Lamp (See Notes)
  • J1 Phono chassis Socket
  • SW1 SPST Slider Switch
  • B1 9V PP3
  • Clip for 9V PP3 Battery

Circuit description:

This circuit generates a good 1KHz sinewave using the inverted Wien bridge configuration (C1-R3 & C2-R4). Features a variable output, low distortion and low output impedance in order to obtain good overload capability. A small filament lamp ensures a stable long term output amplitude waveform. Useful to test the Audio Millivoltmeter, Audio Power Meter and other audio circuits published in this site.


  • The lamp must be a low current type (12V 40-50mA or 6V 50mA) in order to obtain good long term stability and low distortion.
  • Distortion @ 1V RMS output is 0.15% with a 12V 40mA lamp, raising to 0.5% with a 12V 100mA one.
  • Using a lamp differing from specifications may require a change in R6 value to 220 or 150 Ohms to ensure proper circuit's oscillation.
  • Set R5 to read 1V RMS on an Audio Millivoltmeter connected to the output with R7 fully clockwise, or to view a sinewave of 2.828V Peak-to-Peak on the oscilloscope.
  • With C1,C2 = 100nF the frequency generated is 100Hz and with C1,C2 = 1nF frequency is 10KHz but R5 is needing adjustment.
  • High gain transistors preferred for better performance.

author: RED Free Circuit Designs
circuit from http://www.redcircuits.com/

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