How to build A 4-Digit Alarm Control Keypad

August 3, 2010 - category: Alarm

Schematic Diagram

Schematic Diagram


The Keypad must be the kind with one common terminal - and a separate connection for each key. On a 12-key pad - look for 13 terminals. The matrix type with 7 or 8 terminals will NOT do. On the Support Page you'll find details of how to Make Your Own Keypad.

The relay is energized by pressing a single key. Choose the key you want to use - and connect it to terminal "E". Choose the four keys you want to use for your security code - and connect them to "A B C & D". Wire the common lead to R1- and all the remaining keys to "F".

When you press "E" the relay energizes - and the 12-volt output moves from the "off" to the "set" terminal. The green LED also lights. It provides a visual indication that the alarm is set.

When you press keys "A B C & D" in the right order - the relay de-energizes - and the 12-volt output returns to the "off" terminal. The green LED is also extinguished - to indicate that the alarm is switched off.

The remaining keys - those not wired to "A B C D & E" - are connected to "F". Whenever one of these "Wrong" keys is pressed - the attempted code entry fails - and the code entry sequence is reset.

The same thing happens if "C" or "D" is pressed out of sequence. If "C" is pressed before "B" - or "D" is pressed before "C" - the attempted code entry will fail. And the code entry sequence will reset.

With a 12-key pad - over 10 000 different codes are available. If you need a more secure code - you could simply use a bigger keypad with more "Wrong" keys wired to "F". A 16-key pad gives over 40 000 different codes. If you make a mistake while entering the code - simply start again.

The Support Material for this circuit includes a step-by-step guide to the construction of the circuit board - a parts list - a detailed circuit description - and more.

Veroboard Layout

Veroboard Layout

circuit from http://www.zen22142.zen.co.uk/ronj/k4.html

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